I found the above quote on this blog about Japan's "aging population problem."
CIA World Factbook.) This fact is thought to imperil the economy and society since it implies a shrinking labour force and high dependency ratio, not to mention contracting demand.
|Japan Population Pyramid (2006): Number of people in each five year age range|
Compare Nigeria, median age 18, where only 3% of its population is over age 65. Some people think we have a "growing population problem." It's hard to push up per-capita income when the denominator (headcount) keeps growing so relentlessly that the NYTimes says "sub-Saharan Africa, which now accounts for 12 percent of the world’s population, [may] account for more than a third by 2100." This Day presents a more local take in Nigeria's growing population might be a "time bomb."
|Nigeria Population Pyramid (2006)|
Another quote from the same (Edward Hugh) Japan blog post:
The future never resembles the past - as we well know. But, generally speaking, our imagination and our knowledge are too weak to tell us what particular changes to expect. We do not know what the future holds. Nevertheless, as living and moving beings, we are forced to act. - John Maynard Keynes
Our government might not be forced to act, but city-dwellers in Nigeria have already changed their behaviour in response to the strenuous costs of having children. This is how someone put it: “Children were seen as a kind of insurance for the future; now they are a liability for life.” Would you put it that way?